Scientific Administration

Posted by John Sommers on 20th April 2016 in General

From these comments Frederick Taylor it defined as being base for the solution of such problems the four principles of the scientific administration: Development of a scientific method for the work of the laborers; Establishment of scientific process of election and training of the laborer; Cooperation between the managements and the laborers; Division of work of the laborers in function of its specialization who had for objective to improve the efficiency of the production that they aimed at greater exploitation of the employee. During its book, Taylor looks for to persuade the reader through practical examples of that the techniques of the Scientific Administration can be applied to all the classrooms of workers, most elementary to most complex and are superior to any another one that tends to be used in the organizations and for this it makes comparisons with those considered by it common, as the Administration of ' ' initiative and incentivo' ' : ' ' Under the old system of administration, the good success almost entirely depends to get the initiative of the laborer and rare this initiative is reached. In the scientific administration, the initiative of the worker (that it is its effort, its good will, its device) is gotten with absolute uniformity and very bigger degree of what … is possible under the old system ' ' Being efficiency one of concepts more important inside of the Scientific Administration, Taylor counted on some followers, as Frank Gilbreth that folloied it in the interest of the study of the times and movements and in the rationalization of the work as half of productivity increase which Taylor develops when elapsing of the book, is they: The elementary movements; The efficiency formula; The study of the fatigue human being. According to STONER (1999, p.25) Taylor it affirmed that the success of its principles demanded a complete mental revolution on the part of the Administration and the workers, is this what it considers all in elapsing of the book, Taylor for many times makes look like to want to transform the laborer into integrant part of the machine, being started to represent a desumanizao of the work, in the administration he was not allowed the employee to use any method that was not analyzed and approved scientifically, searched a elimination of wastefulness, only that in this looks for the maximum income for times promoted if depreciation and a pessimistic and radical vision in relation to the laborer. .

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